中川准教授 (Univ.Hong Kong)による国際セミナーを開催いたしました

  • このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加

2019年3月27日に、愛媛大学地球深部ダイナミクス研究センターにおいて、中川貴司准教授 (香港大学)による国際セミナーが行われました。”On the large-scale geochemical anomalies in the deep mantle inferred from the hydrous mantle convection simulations”と題されたこのセミナーには、学生・研究者併せて約15名の参加がありました。

The 22nd MEXT Shin-Gakujutsu “Core-Mantle Coevolution”
International Frontier Seminar

Date/Time 2019年3月27日(水)16:30-
Venue 愛媛大学理学部 総合研究棟I 4F #486
Lecturer Dr. Takashi Nakagawa (Dept. of Earthy Science, The University of Hong Kong)
Title “On the large-scale geochemical anomalies in the deep mantle inferred from the hydrous mantle convection simulations” Poster (PDF)
Abstract The traditional mantle geochemistry has been concerned with the vertical structure of the deep mantle associated with the origin of mantle plumes. However, the recent geochemical analysis of basaltic rocks as ‘Blood Test’ of the Earth’s deep interior is suggested that the lateral heterogeneity of geochemical anomalies seems to be correlated with the large-scale seismic anomalies (Iwamori and Nakamura, 2015). This geochemical heterogeneity called ‘East-West hemispherical structure’ would be related to the distribution of water in the deep mantle. Here, I investigate the spatial correlation between geochemical and seismic anomalies in deep mantle using the hydrous mantle convection model tracking with ~20 species of trace elements in the mantle rocks partitioned between solid and melt components (U-Th-Pb-He, Nd-Sm, RbSr and Re-Os systems). As a result of numerical simulations, the Re-Os system can be only correlated with the distribution of thermo-chemical structure in deep mantle because the partition coefficient of Os is much larger than the unity. In addition, to get the large-scale anomalies in deep mantle, the viscosity dependence of water is essentially important. The scale of hydrous mantle convection can assess the reference mantle water content that starts being effective to reduce the viscosity with the mantle water content rather than the value of the exponent of the prefactor of hydrous mantle viscosity associated with the mantle water content, which may be required to have ~0.2 wt. percent to find the large-scale thermo-chemical structure in the deep mantle. In this seminar talk, I will also argue the potential issues on the evolution of surface seawater and habitability of the rocky planets as a result of the coupled evolution model of ocean-plate-mantle-core.